varicose_diagramIn addition to being unsightly, varicose veins can result in serious medical problems such as pain, superficial blood clots, swelling, dermatitis (skin changes, rash), discoloration, severe bleeding and ulcers. We have devoted this page to discussing the some of the common causes of varicose veins and other venous disorders.


The venous system is best thought of as two parallel systems, the deep system of veins and the superficial system of veins. These venous systems are connected by dozens of perforating vessels (each equipped with one way valves) as well as by two larger veins, the Greater Saphenous Vein and the Lesser Saphenous Vein.


Failure of the one-way valves separating the two systems can lead to abnormal pressures within the superficial system and circulation of blood within the legs. This can result in pain, swelling and skin changes.



The Function of the Venous System



varicose_pumpThe Deep System
The deep system of veins lies beneath the muscles and is under relatively high pressure. The Deep system is responsible for the return of 90-95% of the blood back to the heart.


The Superficial System
The superficial system lies directly underneath the skin and is under low pressure. The Superficial system acts as a storage area for the blood, storing blood until it can pass through a connecting perforating vein into the deep system to be returned to the heart.


As the muscles contract, blood is sent back to the heart. As the muscles relax, properly functioning valves keep the blood moving toward the heart against gravity. (The veins fill with blood from the superficial veins when the muscles relax).



Why Be Evaluated?




Abnormally functioning valves can lead to problems with: Pain, Swelling, Skin Changes or Discoloration, Aching, Ulcers, Bleeding A detailed ultrasound examination can detect and diagnose the exact location of abnormal veins and is essential in the planning of effective vein treatment. Dr. Long and his staff have the skills and the experience to perform thorough evaluations, do not accept less!


Elimination of the abnormal blood flow within the venous system is required for success in treatment of the pain and disability that is caused by faulty leg valves.


Treatment results in improved flow of blood back to the heart with improvement in symptoms. Timely treatment can prevent more serious complications from occurring.